Thesis Statement

On this thesis, I will explore the intention of Susana Ferreira who was the author of "deforestation, property rights and international trade”. I have grouped scholars from different academic backgrounds. I have divided them into two categories of theories based on their attempt to fit on the impact of deforestation on environment stability, I have named these schools: private property (government/individuals) and the other school is international trade (investors).My thesis will aim to analyse how these two schools of thoughts put forward their arguments on the environment especial deforestation and the miss use of land. The research was to let people know on possible different causes of deforestation and how economics through international trade (trade liberalization) can contribute distraction of environment. This paper will reveal the solution for this problem. This paper also will show the importance of property rights on forest in managing environment as a common resource and it will explains how institutions such as property rights have influenced land use. However I will also focus on how people interpreted the author’s idea and their criticisms on author’s work.

Thesis first draft..doc


Books & Journals

Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz, Rethinking the causes of deforestation, 1999

Barbier, E. B., and J. C. Burgess, the Economics of Tropical Deforestation: Journal of Economic Surveys, pp 413-33, 2001

C.J Jepma, Tropical deforestation: a socio-economic approach, 1995, Earthscan Publications. London.

Cartledge, Bryan, Population and the Environment, (1995) Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Deacon, R. T, Deforestation and the Rule of Law in a Cross-Section of Countries, 1994.

Dhirendra K.Vajpey, Deforestation, environment and sustainable development, 2001, Praeger, London.

Hans van Houte, Bart Delmartino.Lasson Yi, Post war restoration of property rights under international law, (2008), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Jaramillo, C. F & T. Kelly. Deforestation and Property Rights in Latin America, (1997)

Julia C. Allen, Douglas F. Barnest, The Causes of Deforestation in Developing Countries, Vol. 75, No. 2 (Jun,1985), Taylor & Francis Ltd

Lopez. R, Trade Reform and Environmental Externalities in General Equilibrium: Environment and development economics, 2000.

Sampson, G. P. Trade, Environment, and the WTO: the Post-Seattle Agenda, (2000). Policy Essay No. 27. Washington, D.C

Susana Ferreira, Deforestation, Property Rights & International Trade,

Vol. 80, No. 2, 2004, pp 174-193, University of Wisconsin Press

Other sources
1. The Causes of Deforestation in Developing CountriesJulia C. Allen, Douglas F. BarnesAnnals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 75, No. 2 (Jun., 1985), pp. 163-184Page Scan PDF Item Information Page of First Match

2. Deforestation and Coastal Erosion: A Case from East Brazil J. Addad, M. A. Martins-NetoJournal of Coastal Research, Vol. 16, No. 2 (Spring, 2000), pp. 423-431
Page Scan PDF

3. .Causes of Deforestation: The Maine Case

James M. Acheson, Jon McCloskeyHuman Ecology, Vol. 36, No. 6 (Dec., 2008), pp. 909-922 4. Deforestation, Property Rights, and International Trade Susana FerreiraLand Economics, Vol. 80, No. 2 (May, 2004), pp. 174-193Page Scan PDF